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Blog # 26. Concept of Real Income under the Income Tax Act, 1961

What is Income ?Before understanding the concept of Real Income, it shall be important to go through the the term “Income” and “Real”.Income is defined under S.2(24) of the Income Tax Act, 1961(Hereinafter referred as “the Act”).The definition as provided under the Act is an inclusive definition so as to cover up all the usual as well as unusual items, however it certainly does not define it in a way that we can be said it to be precise.The same can be understood by various Judge Made Laws. The first and the lead amongst them is a Privy Council Judgment in the case of KamakshyaNarainSingh CIT 11 ITR 513 (PC)     FactsThe assesse was a “Raja” gave mining lease and He received payments by way of royalty for coal mines leased out to various lessees.The case of the Assessee was that this royalty income received by the Assessee was nothing but the recoupment of the resources which shall be exhausted by the end of the lease and thus the same was not income but a capital receipt.Held :"I…