Skip to main content

TDS on Non Residents-S.195

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is the first way of collection of any taxes. Under Income tax also TDS is the very important tax collection method. TDS under income tax varies based on the nature of transaction and payment by different sections, such as section.194A, 194B, 194C, 194I etc. Out of different TDS sections, section 195 is the very important section which covers the TDS on Non resident payments. Under globalisation scenario the business boundaries are not restricted with one country; it spread over all over the world. Accordingly tax laws are also differing. In our country the TDS on Non resident under section 195 is the unique section to identify the tax rates and deductions on our business transaction with non resident day to day basis. In this article I would like to discuss about the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on TDS on Non resident payments under section 195 of Income tax act.
Q.1 What is the meaning of Non resident?
Ans : To decide the residential status of person under income tax, we need to check the basic and additional conditions and other criteria prescribed under section.6 of the Income tax act, 1961. Only Non resident covered under this section, Resident but not ordinary resident ( RNOR) not covered this section.
Q.2 Who is the Payer under section.195?
Ans: Under section.195 all the payers are covered irrespective of their status like Individual, HUF, and Firm & Corporate etc. So all the payers are responsible to deduct TDS under this section if they are making payment to non resident as per prescribed conditions.
Q.3 Who is the payee under section 195?
Ans: Under this section all the payees are covered whether Individual or Corporate or any other status. So making payment to non resident, not being company or to a foreign company covered under payee if they meet the non resident status under section.6 of the Income tax act.
Q.4 Which payments & expenses are covered under sec.195?
Ans:  As per this section any interest (not being interest referred to in section 194LB or section 194LC or section 194LD) or any other sum chargeable under the provisions of this Act (not being income chargeable under the head “Salaries”).
So following payment not required TDS deduction under this section
a. Interest referred under sections.195LB/LC/LD
b. Salary payment
c.  Dividend payment u/s.115-O
Above payments are exclude under this section from TDS deduction and all other payments are covered under this section. But payment against import is not comes under purview of TDS.
Q.5 What about the Salary & Dividend payment to Non resident?
Ans: Section.195 specifically excludes Salary and dividend payment, Salary payment to non resident covered u/s.192 not under section.195.  Dividend not taxable in the hands of recipient since the dividend distribution tax paid by the declaring company.
Q.6 When to deduct the TDS?
Ans: TDS has to be deducted at the time of credit or payment whichever is earlier. Crediting which means even crediting in suspense account or any other name called considered as deemed to be credited, accordingly the TDS will apply.
Q.7 What is the threshold limit for deduction of TDS?
Ans: Under this section, there is no threshold limit is prescribed, TDS need to be deducted the entire amount without any threshold limit.
Q.8. What is the TDS rate as per section.195?
Ans: Relevant rate in force as per chapter XVIIB.  Incase payee not having valid PAN, then TDS rate  as per rate prescribed chapter XVIIB or 20% whichever is higher will apply. While calculating TDS rates we need to consider the provisions under Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) for the relevant country if any. In case payee fulfilling all the conditions as prescribed in the DTAA then rates as per DTAA will apply. Generally rates under DTAA will be lower than normal TDS rates.
Q.9 What will be the exchange rate for TDS on non resident?
Ans: Exchange rate of Reserve Bank of India ( RBI) on the day which TDS required to be deducted has to be considered
Q. 10 What is DTAA?
Ans: Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) is the agreement between two countries with an objective to avoid taxation on same income in both countries. Presently India has the comprehensive DTAAs with more than 80 countries.
Q.11 What is the conditions & procedure to avail DTAA benefit by NR?
Ans: The Non Resident Deductee has to submit the following documents with deductor to avail the TDS rates as per DTAA
a.      Tax Residency Certificate (TRC)
b.      PAN card copy
c.       Self  declaration
d.     Passport copy & Visa copy (if any)
The above documents need to submit with deductor annual basis every year.
Q.12 What is Tax residency certificate and how & where to get that?
Ans: Tax Residency certificate (TRC) is the certificate duly verified and issued by the Government of the country of which NR claims to be a resident for the purpose of tax.  The TRC certificate can be obtained from the Government or Tax authorities of the particular country of NR.
Q.13  What are the details should contains in TRC?
Ans: A TRC should contain the following details
a.      Name of the assessee
b.      Status of the assessee (Individual, Firm, Company Etc.)
c.       Nationality
d.     Country
e.      Assessee Tax Identification or Unique Identification number of the relevant Country
f.        Residential status for the purpose of tax
g.      Validity Period of the certificate
h.      Address of the applicant
Q. 14 What is the procedure to deduct the TDS u/s.195?
Ans: Remitter as per section.195(6) & rule 37BB need to obtain the form 15CB from a Chartered Accountant while remitting the payment to non resident and need to file the form 15CA ( undertaking by remitter)  in online in the income tax website through their PAN login. After online preparation of form 15CA need to take print out and sign and submit along with form 15CB to their banker/AD to remit the payment. For every remittance, remitter need to above procedure to remit the payment.
Q.15 What details are required to obtain form 15CB certificate from a CA?
Ans: The following details need to be produced with CA for getting form 15 CB
Ø  Agreement and Invoices;
Ø  Payment details
Ø  Correspondences
Ø  Technical Advice – prove bonafides
Ø  Proof of services being rendered in case of Group Company transactions
Ø  E-mails etc regarding pricing in case of Group Company transactions
Ø  Remitting bank details
Ø  Rate of conversion of foreign currency
Q.16  Whether Non resident eligible for getting Nil deduction certificate?
Ans: Yes.  As per section.195 (3) & Rule 29B, a non resident can make the application to income tax department if he fulfils the following conditions
a.      Assessee has been regularly assessed to tax and has filed all returns of income due as on date of filling of application
b.      Not in default in respect of any tax, interest, penalty or any other sum
c.       Not subject to penalty u/s.271(1)(iii)
d.     Carrying on business in India continuously for at least 5 years and the value of the fixed assets in India exceeds Rs.50 Lakhs
Q.17  What is the validity of the certificate issued for Nil deduction?
Ans: Nil deduction certificate issued under section.195 (3) shall remain in force till the expiary of the certificate or cancel by the A. O whichever is earlier.
Q.18 Whether reimbursement of actual expenses covered u/s.195?
Ans: Since there is no income element in the reimbursement of expenses actually incurred by a non resident or foreign company not covered u/s.195. However the nature of transactions and payments depends upon the situation because different contradictory citations are available to justify for both the applicability and non applicability.
Q.19 What is the status of TDS deducted if after deduction the contract or work is cancelled?
Ans: There is cases that after making advance payment to Non resident or making partial payment to non resident the contract or work is cancelled by both parties. Such as case if any TDS deduction made while making payments, the same can be claimed from the department CIRCULAR NO. 7/2007 DATED 23-10-2007
Q.20 What will be the consequences of non complying of section.195?
Ans: following will be the consequences for non compliance of section 195
a. Disallowance of the particular expenses u/s.40a(i) if the TDS not at all deducted
b. If the TDS is deducted but not paid within time lime then interest @ 1.50 per month or part of the month from the date of deduction to date of deposit (Sec.201 (1A)
c. If the TDS deducted and not paid – Penalty equivalent to the TDS amount  Sec.221
d. TDS deducted short – Penalty equivalent to difference between actual deductible and deducted amount Sec.271C .

Comments

  1. There are many things we need to know about tax residency and I believe it is a must to know that.

    ReplyDelete
  2. eToro is the ultimate forex broker for new and established traders.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Pretty good post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed reading your blog posts. I hope you post again soon. Big thanks for the useful info. File Taxes Online Canada

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Blog # 26. Concept of Real Income under the Income Tax Act, 1961

  What is Income ? Before understanding the concept of Real Income, it shall be important to go through the the term “Income” and “Real”. Income is defined under S.2(24) of the Income Tax Act, 1961(Hereinafter referred as “the Act”). The definition as provided under the Act is an inclusive definition so as to cover up all the usual as well as unusual items, however it certainly does not define it in a way that we can be said it to be precise. The same can be understood by various Judge Made Laws. The first and the lead amongst them is a Privy Council Judgment in the case of Kamakshya Narain   Singh CIT 11 ITR 513 (PC)         Facts The assesse was a “Raja” gave mining lease and He received payments by way of royalty for coal mines leased out to various lessees. The case of the Assessee was that this royalty income received by the Assessee was nothing but the recoupment of the resources which shall be exhausted by the end of the lease and thus the same was not income bu

Blog # 20. S.53A of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882 and Related Laws

Section 53A of the Transfer of Property Act. 1882 is as under :- “53A. Part performance. – Where any person contracts to transfer for consideration any immovable property by writing signed by him or on his behalf from which the terms necessary to constitute the transfer can be ascertained with reasonable certainty, and the transferee has, in part performance of the contract, taken possession of the property or any pat thereof, or the transferee, being already in possession, continues in possession in part performance of the contract and has done some act in furtherance of the contract, and the transferee has performed or is willing to perform his part of the contract, then, notwithstanding that [***] where there is an instrument of transfer, that the transfer has not been completed in the manner prescribed therefor by the law for the time being in force, the transferor or any person claiming under him shall be debarred from enforcing against the transferee and persons