Skip to main content

Blog # 4. Husband Not liable for Cheque issed by wife in personal capacity

The Hon'ble Gujarat High Court, in Harshad Manubhai Malavaiya vs State Of Gujarat, held that husband is not liable for a cheque issued by the wife in her personal capacity.



In the instant matter, Justice JB Pardiwala examined the question whether the petitioner can be made vicariously liable under Section 138 for the cheque dishonoured which were issued by his wife in personal capacity.



Relying on the Supreme Court’s judgment in the matter of M/s Aparna A Shah vs M/s Sheth Developers Pvt Ltd  and considering the language used in Section 138 and taking note of background agreement pursuant to which a cheque is issued by more than one. this court held that it is only the “drawer” of the cheque who can be made liable for the penal action under the provisions of the NI Act.



The normal rule in the cases involving criminal liability is against vicarious liability. To put it clear, no one is to be held criminally liable for an act of another.



In the above judgment, the Supreme Court held that in case of issuance of cheque from joint accounts, a joint account holder cannot be prosecuted unless the cheque has been signed by each and every person, who is a joint account holder.



In other words, only the person who signs the cheque can be prosecuted for dishonour of cheque under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act....

Link to the Judgement

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Blog # 26. Concept of Real Income under the Income Tax Act, 1961

  What is Income ? Before understanding the concept of Real Income, it shall be important to go through the the term “Income” and “Real”. Income is defined under S.2(24) of the Income Tax Act, 1961(Hereinafter referred as “the Act”). The definition as provided under the Act is an inclusive definition so as to cover up all the usual as well as unusual items, however it certainly does not define it in a way that we can be said it to be precise. The same can be understood by various Judge Made Laws. The first and the lead amongst them is a Privy Council Judgment in the case of Kamakshya Narain   Singh CIT 11 ITR 513 (PC)         Facts The assesse was a “Raja” gave mining lease and He received payments by way of royalty for coal mines leased out to various lessees. The case of the Assessee was that this royalty income received by the Assessee was nothing but the recoupment of the resources which shall be exhausted by the end of the lease and thus the same was not income bu

Blog # 20. S.53A of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882 and Related Laws

Section 53A of the Transfer of Property Act. 1882 is as under :- “53A. Part performance. – Where any person contracts to transfer for consideration any immovable property by writing signed by him or on his behalf from which the terms necessary to constitute the transfer can be ascertained with reasonable certainty, and the transferee has, in part performance of the contract, taken possession of the property or any pat thereof, or the transferee, being already in possession, continues in possession in part performance of the contract and has done some act in furtherance of the contract, and the transferee has performed or is willing to perform his part of the contract, then, notwithstanding that [***] where there is an instrument of transfer, that the transfer has not been completed in the manner prescribed therefor by the law for the time being in force, the transferor or any person claiming under him shall be debarred from enforcing against the transferee and persons

TDS on Non Residents-S.195

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is the first way of collection of any taxes. Under Income tax also TDS is the very important tax collection method. TDS under income tax varies based on the nature of transaction and payment by different sections, such as section.194A, 194B, 194C, 194I etc. Out of different TDS sections, section 195 is the very important section which covers the TDS on Non resident payments. Under globalisation scenario the business boundaries are not restricted with one country; it spread over all over the world. Accordingly tax laws are also differing. In our country the TDS on Non resident under section 195 is the unique section to identify the tax rates and deductions on our business transaction with non resident day to day basis. In this article I would like to discuss about the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on TDS on Non resident payments under section 195 of Income tax act. Q.1 What is the meaning of Non resident? Ans : To decide the residential status of p